Pacific Maritime Boundaries

IHO S-121 Maritime Boundaries and Limits Data Specification funded by Forum Fisheries Agency.

About

SPC's Regional Maritime Boundaries Unit within the Geoscience Division has operated since 2001, and is widely recognised as driving a successful international collaborative effort to fulfil one of the region’s key strategic priorities embedded in the Pacific Oceanscape Framework (endorsed by the Pacific Island Leaders in 2010) which is to formalise maritime boundaries and securing rights over ocean resources as the first regional priority.

In the Pacific region, there are 49 shared and overlapping Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs), so there is a need for PICs to negotiate and delimit their own EEZs where it overlaps with its neighbouring countries zones as well.

A 2016 Service Level Agreement (SLA) with Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) underlined the need for the maritime zones lines in the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) to be updated with publicly available and legislated boundaries for the purpose of fisheries monitoring, control, surveillance and enforcement and management.

This data portal consists of the full deliverables for the SLA, primarily:

  1. Data delivered will be based on IHO S-121 Maritime Limits and Boundaries Exchange format and will be disseminated via OGC web services in PacGeo portal.

  2. Full documentation, tools and processes on maritime boundaries i.e. updates and revisions with incorporation of new datasets.

  3. Features delivered to FFA will be in points, lines and polygons.

  4. Global dataset (VLIZ) will be used where there is no treaty or data available.

The IHO S-121 maritime limits and boundaries product specification is designed to provide a suitable format for the exchange of digital vector data pertaining to maritime boundaries. The specification is customised to ensure the unique features and attributes of maritime boundary information can be exchanged between States. The specification is also intended to be suitable for lodging digital maritime boundary information with the United Nations for purposes related to UNCLOS. The specification addresses a need for a non-proprietary format that is both open standard and sufficiently flexible to meet the needs of States.

Data Layers



Visualise Data Layers in Map


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American Samoa



TREATY

Niue EEZ LINE DECLARED
Niue EEZ POINT DECLARED
Cook Islands EEZ LINE DECLARED


Australia



TREATY

Papua New Guinea SBZ POINT TREATY
New Caledonia EEZ LINE TREATY
Papua New Guinea SBZ LINE TREATY
Indonesia EEZ LINE TREATY
Papua New Guinea TSZ LINE TREATY
Indonesia EEZ POINT TREATY
New Zealand EEZ LINE TREATY
Papua New Guinea PRZ POINT TREATY
Papua New Guinea TSZ POINT TREATY
Papua New Guinea PRZ LINE TREATY
Papua New Guinea FSH LINE TREATY
Papua New Guinea FSH POINT TREATY
New Caledonia EEZ POINT TREATY


Cook Islands



TERRITORIAL SEA ZONE

TSZ POLYG SPC
TSZ LINE SPC

TREATY

French Polynesia EEZ LINE TREATY
Niue EEZ LINE TREATY
American Samoa EEZ LINE TREATY
French Polynesia EEZ POINT TREATY
Tokelau EEZ POINT TREATY
Tokelau EEZ LINE TREATY
Kiribati EEZ POINT TREATY
Niue EEZ POINT TREATY
Kiribati EEZ LINE TREATY
American Samoa EEZ POINT TREATY

EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE

EEZ POLYG DECLARED
EEZ POLYG TSB DECLARED
EEZ POLYG TSZ DECLARED

CONTIGUOUS ZONE

CZZ POLYG SPC
CZZ LINE SPC

BASELINE

TSB POLYG SPC
TSB LINE SPC


Micronesia Fed. St.



TREATY

Guam EEZ LINE TREATY
PW EEZ LINE TREATY
PW EEZ POINT TREATY
Marshall Islands EEZ POINT TREATY
Guam EEZ POINT TREATY
Marshall Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
Papua New Guinea EEZ LINE TREATY


Fiji Islands



TREATY

Wallis and Fatuna EEZ POINT TREATY
France EEZ LINE TREATY
Wallis and Fatuna EEZ LINE TREATY
Tuvalu EEZ LINE TREATY
France EEZ POINT TREATY
Tuvalu EEZ POINT TREATY

EEZ

EEZ POLY DECLARED

BASELINE

ASB POLYG DECLARED
ASB LINE DECLARED


France



TREATY

Fiji Islands EEZ POINT TREATY
Fiji Islands EEZ LINE TREATY


Guam



TREATY

Micronesia Fed. St. EEZ LINE TREATY
Micronesia Fed. St. EEZ POINT TREATY


Indonesia



TREATY

Papua New Guinea EEZ LINE TREATY
Papua New Guinea AU EEZ LINE TREATY
Papua New Guinea EEZ POINT TREATY
Papua New Guinea AU EEZ POINT TREATY


Kiribati



TERRITORIAL SEA ZONE

LINE TSZ POLYG DECLARED
PHX TSZ POLYG DECLARED
GIL TSZ POLYG DECLARED
GIL TSZ LINE DECLARED

TREATY

Nauru EEZ LINE TREATY
French Polynesia EEZ LINE TREATY
Tokelau EEZ POINT TREATY
Tokelau EEZ LINE TREATY
Marshall Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
United States KR EEZ LINE TREATY
Tuvalu EEZ POINT TREATY
United States JI EEZ POINT TREATY
Cook Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
United States KR EEZ POINT TREATY
United States JI EEZ LINE TREATY
Marshall Islands EEZ POINT TREATY
Nauru EEZ POINT TREATY
Tuvalu EEZ LINE TREATY
French Polynesia EEZ POINT TREATY

EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE

LIN EEZ TSZ POLYG DECLARED
GIL CZZ TSZ POLYG DECLARED
LIN EEZ POLYG TSZ DECLARED
PHX EEZ POLYG TSZ DECLARED
PHX EEZ TSZ POLYG DECLARED
GIL EEZ POLYG DECLARED
LINE EEZ POLYG DECLARED
GIL EEZ POLYG TSZ DECLARED
LIN TSZ TSB POLYG DECLARED
GIL TSZ TSB POLYG DECLARED
GIL TSZ ASB POLYG DECLARED
LIN EEZ POLYG DECLARED
PHX TSZ TSB POLYG DECLARED
PHX CZZ TSZ POLYG DECLARED
PHX EEZ POLYG TSB DECLARED
GIL EEZ TSZ POLYG DECLARED
LIN EEZ POLYG TSB DECLARED
LIN EEZ LINE DECLARED
GIL EEZ POLYG TSB DECLARED
PHX EEZ POLYG DECLARED
PHX EEZ LINE DECLARED
GIL EEZ LINE DECLARED
LIN CZZ TSZ POLYG DECLARED

CONTIGUOUS ZONE

LIN CZZ POLYG DECLARED
LIN CZZ LINE DECLARED
PHX CZZ POLYG DECLARED
GIL CZZ LINE DECLARED
GIL CZZ POLYG DECLARED
PHX CZZ LINE DECLARED

BASELINE

PHX TSB POLYG DECLARED
GIL ASB LINE DECLARED
PHX TSB LINE DECLARED
GIL TSB POLYG DECLARED
LIN TSB POLYG DECLARED
LIN TSB LINE DECLARED


Marshall Islands



TERRITORIAL SEA ZONE

TSZ LINE DECLARED
TSZ POLYG TSB DECLARED
TSZ POLYG DECLARED

TREATY

Nauru EEZ LINE TREATY
Micronesia Fed. St. EEZ LINE TREATY
Nauru EEZ POINT TREATY
Kiribati EEZ POINT TREATY
Micronesia Fed. St. EEZ POINT TREATY
Kiribati EEZ LINE TREATY

EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE

EEZ POLYG TSZ DECLARED
EREN EEZ POLYG DECLARED
EEZ POLYG DECLARED
EEZ POLYG TSB DECLARED
EEZ LINE DECLARED
MAIN EEZ POLYG DECLARED

CONTIGUOUS ZONE

CZZ POLYG DECLARED
CZZ LINE DECLARED
CZZ POLYG TSZ DECLARED

BASELINE

TSB POLYG DECLARED
TSB LINE DECLARED



New Caledonia



TREATY

Solomon Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
Solomon Islands EEZ POINT TREATY


Nauru



TERRITORIAL SEA ZONE

TSZ POLYG TSB DECLARED
TSZ LINE DECLARED
TSZ POLYG DECLARED

TREATY

Kiribati EEZ LINE TREATY
Kiribati EEZ POINT TREATY
Marshall Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
Marshall Islands EEZ POINT TREATY

EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE

EEZ POLYG DECLARED
EEZ POLYG TSZ DECLARED
EEZ LINE DECLARED
EEZ POLYG TSB DECLARED

CONTIGUOUS ZONE

CZZ LINE DECLARED
CZZ POLYG DECLARED
CZZ POLYG TSZ DECLARED

BASELINE

TSB POLYG DECLARED
TSB LINE DECLARED


Niue



TERRITORIAL SEA ZONE

TSZ POLYG DECLARED
TSZ LINE DECLARED

TREATY

Cook Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
American Samoa EEZ POINT TREATY
American Samoa EEZ LINE TREATY

EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE

EEZ POLYG TSZ DECLARED
EEZ LINE DECLARED
EEZ POLYG DECLARED
EEZ POLYG TSB DECLARED

CONTIGUOUS ZONE

CZZ POLYG DECLARED
CZZ LINE DECLARED

BASELINE

BSP POINT DECLARED
TSB POLYG DECLARED
TSB LINE DECLARED


French Polynesia



TREATY

Kiribati EEZ LINE TREATY
Cook Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
Kiribati EEZ POINT TREATY


Papua New Guinea



TREATY

Indonesia EEZ POINT TREATY
Indonesia AU EEZ LINE TREATY
Solomon Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
Solomon Islands EEZ POINT TREATY
Indonesia AU EEZ POINT TREATY
Micronesia Fed. St. EEZ LINE TREATY
Indonesia EEZ LINE TREATY


Tokelau



TREATY

American Samoa EEZ POINT TREATY
American Samoa EEZ LINE TREATY
Kiribati EEZ POINT TREATY
Cook Islands EEZ POINT TREATY
Wallis and Fatuna EEZ POINT TREATY
Cook Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
Wallis and Fatuna EEZ LINE TREATY
Kiribati EEZ LINE TREATY


Tuvalu



TREATY

Fiji Islands EEZ POINT TREATY
Wallis and Fatuna EEZ LINE TREATY
Kiribati EEZ LINE TREATY
Kiribati EEZ POINT TREATY
Fiji Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
Wallis and Fatuna EEZ POINT TREATY

TERRITORIAL SEA ZONE

TSZ LINE DECLARED
TSZ POINTS DECLARED

EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE

EEZ POLYG TSB DECLARED
EEZ POINT DECLARED
EEZ POLYG DECLARED

HIGH SEA ZONE

HSZ LINE DECLARED

CONTIGUOUS ZONE

CZZ LINE DECLARED
CZZ POINTS DECLARED

BASELINE

ASB POLYG DECLARED
BSP POINT SPC
ASB LINE DECLARED
TSB LINE DECLARED
TSB POLYG DECLARED


United States



TREATY

Kiribati KR EEZ POINT TREATY
Kiribati KR EEZ LINE TREATY
Kiribati JI EEZ POINT TREATY
Kiribati JI EEZ LINE TREATY


Vanuatu



BASELINE

ASB LINE DECLARED


Wallis and Fatuna



TREATY

Tuvalu EEZ LINE TREATY
Fiji Islands EEZ POINT TREATY
Fiji Islands EEZ LINE TREATY
Tuvalu EEZ POINT TREATY


* Appropriate username and password on the PacGeo platform is required to view, download and act on the data layers above.
Download In S-121 GeoJSON Format Download In Shapefile Format

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Treaties and Declarations


Status of Cook Island Maritime Boundaries

High Sea Boundaries
Treaty Boundary with Kiribati
Treaty Boundary with French Polynesia (France)
Treaty Boundary with Niue
Treaty Boundary with American Samoa (USA)
Treaty Boundary with Tokelau

Status Of FSM Maritime Boundaries

High Sea Boundaries - Not Avaiable
Treaty Boundary with Guam (USA) - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Treaty Boundary with Marshall Islands - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Treaty Boundary with Papua New Guinea - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Treaty Boundary with Palau

Status of Kiribati Maritime Boundaries

Gilbert Group | High Sea Boundaries
Gilbert Group | Treaty Boundary with Tuvalu
Gilbert Group | Treaty Boundary with Nauru - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Gilbert Group | Treaty Boundary with Marshall Islands - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Phoenix Group | Treaty Boundary with Baker & Howland (USA) - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Phoenix Group | High Sea Boundaries
Phoenix Group | Treaty Boundary with Tokelau (NZ) - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Line Group | High Sea Boundaries
Line Group | Treaty Boundary with French Polynesia (France) - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Line Group | Treaty Boundary with Cook Islands
Line Group | Treaty Boundary with Jarvis Island (USA) - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Line Group | Treaty Boundary with Palmyra Atoll (USA) - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN

Status of Nauru Maritime Boundaries

High Sea Boundaries - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Treaty Boundary with Marshall Island - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Treaty Boundary with Kiribati (Gilbert Group) - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN

Status of Niue Maritime Boundaries

Boundary with Tonga - Still in negotiations
Treaty Boundary with American Samoa (USA)
Treaty Boundary with Cook Islands
High Sea Boundaries

Status of PNG Maritime Boundaries

High Sea Boundaries - Completed but still in national declrartion process
Treaty Boundary with Federated States of Micronesia - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Treaty Boundary with Solomon Islands
Treaty Boundary with Australia
Treaty Boundary with Indonesia

Status of Samoa Maritime Boundaries

Boundary with Tokelau - Technical Work still in Progress
Boundary with American Samoa - Technical Work still in Progress
Boundary with Tonga - Still in negotiations
Boundary with Wallis & Futuna (France) - Technical Work still in Progress

Status of Tuvalu Maritime Boundaries

Treaty Boundary with Kiribati - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
High Sea Boundaries
Treaty Boundary with Wallis & Futuna Islands (France) - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
Treaty Boundary with Fiji - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN

Status of Vanuatu Maritime Boundaries

Treaty Boundary with Solomon Islands - Declared and neogtiated but not ratified with UN
High Sea Boundaries - Technical Work still in Progress
Boundary with Fiji - Technical Work still in Progress
Boundary with New Caledonia (France) - Still in negotiations

Tools

IHO S-121 Attribution Tool



Post-processes a folder of Shapefiles and appends S121-specific attributes across the three S121 Profiles - Baseline, Maritime Limits and Maritimie Boundaries.

Visit Download Page

Contact

Geoscience Division, Pacific Community
Acting Director: Akuila Tawake, Head of Geo-survey and Geo Resources Unit, Geoscience for Development Program
[email protected]

Disclaimer

Director General: Dr Colin Tukuitoga - This data and Information is published with the permission of the DG, Pacific Community © 2017 Geoscience Division, Pacific Community

While care has been taken in the collection, analysis, and compilation of the data, it is supplied on the condition that the Geoscience Division (formerly known as SOPAC) shall not be liable for any loss or injury whatsoever arising from the use of the data.

All material in this publication is provided under the Service Level Agreement (SLA) between Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) with the Pacific Community (SPC). Data used in the Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) under the SLA are from the fourteen (14) Pacific Island project countries that have signed a legal document stating that SPC will release information to FFA. The Pacific Islands Maritime Boundaries Project under the Geoscience Division of SPC has produced the information in this product as accurate as possible. However, it does not guarantee that the information is totally accurate or complete. Therefore, you should not solely rely on this information when making a commercial decision. Geoscience Division (SPC) is committed to providing web accessible content wherever possible. If you are having difficulties with accessing this document please contact: [email protected]